Doctrinal Statement

DOCTRINAL STATEMENT

The 75th Ranger Regiment is a light infantry unit composed of highly trained and motivated Airborne Ranger qualified soldiers. Every effort will be made to ensure that the Ranger Regiment is the best military unit in the world. The Regiment will have the highest priority for all types of Army support to ensure that it is under no burden, which would detract from its outstanding image.

EMPLOYMENT CONSIDERATIONS

The 75th Ranger Regiment can be rapidly deployed to any location in the world where United States military presence is required. The unit can infiltrate by air, land, and sea, and is capable of independent operations for short periods (normally 5 days maximum).

The Regiment has an austere table of organization and equipment (TO&E) to give it unique maneuverability and adaptability. All essential equipment must be manportable to facilitate rapid deployment and to provide an operational capability on any terrain or climatic condition. Augmentation and tailoring of Ranger units with non-TO&E personnel and equipment should be considered a normal practice for each mission. When required, the Regiment must also have the capability for limited duration conventional infantry operations. It should not be misunderstood; the ideal use for the Ranger Regiment is in the conduct of swift, daring missions, which are of a time-sensitive and strategic nature.

The Regiment has priority for issue of new equipment. Portable weapons, light weight clothing and equipment, improved rations, the latest communications equipment, and STANO devices are supplied to Ranger units as soon as such items are ready for use.

The unit training of the Ranger Regiment takes advantage of select characteristics of the unit and ensures maximum individual cross training in all organic weaponry and communications equipment to provide the highest degree of proficiency.

In the accomplishment of their mission, Ranger units are trained to conduct small unit landing force/amphibious operations, and are capable of communicating with, and effectively directing the tactical employment of U.S. Navy and U.S. Air Force close air support.

TRAINING

A key factor that makes the Ranger Regiment capable of conducting special military operations is training. The Ranger Regiment trains twelve months of the year. Ranger battalions have no post support requirements; no police or guard details; and no personnel on Special Duty. Training is continuous except for two two-week periods of block leave each year. During these breaks, every Ranger is given the opportunity to take leave. Block leave serves as a safety valve to relieve the pressure of the demanding pace of training, and also assures the commander that he will have a full complement of personnel for training.

The result of having maximum personnel available for training and few external distractions is numerous off-post exercises. The Regiment conducts arctic, jungle, desert, and mountain training periodically. Amphibious training is also conducted. The individual Ranger is exposed to and challenged by every imaginable type of terrain and climatic condition. Elements, his peers, and evaluators test him. Emergency Deployment Readiness Exercises (EDREs) and Joint Readiness Training Exercises (JRX’s) complete the wide array of Ranger training.

All Ranger training is conducted as performance-oriented training. Realism in training and a sense of accomplishment are the commander’s stated goals. Training is not conducted that does not improve either individual or collective skills. The Regiment focuses on the basics of: physical conditioning, marksmanship, small unit drills and medical training. Multi-echelon training is the technique used to tie the basics together with leader training. No single ingredient plays a more important role in honing and developing battlefield skills than stress conditioning. Army Research Institute (ARI) studies found that: Soldiers who have not been trained under stressful conditions do not react well when confronted with antagonistic situations. They tend to compromise critical or sensitive situations. The phenomenon of training under stress is that each successive antagonistic or stress situation is more easily overcome than the preceding situation. Highly motivated soldiers training under exacting and stressful conditions have proven that they reach relatively higher levels of performance and retain these skills longer than those not exposed to similar conditions.

Complementing the stress conditioning developed during daily training is the stress created by the battalions’ intensified readiness posture during the periods of Ranger Ready Force (RRF). The three Ranger Battalions alternate periods of responsibility for RRF1 with each other throughout the year. One of the three battalions is poised to respond to emergencies at all times.

While a battalion is on RRF, all of its troops and its equipment can be assembled, loaded, and ready for deployment within 18-hours, one company (+) is capable of deploying in nine hours. Each time a no-notice alert is initiated, every Ranger knows that what may appear to be a readiness training exercise, may actually be a response to a combat situation or build-up to a deployable maintenance level. The state of mind that exists in the Ranger battalion is that we are ready NOW.

There is no secret formula for the 75th Ranger Regiment. It is very simply a matter of the following:

Individual soldiers are four-time volunteers (volunteer for the Army, for Airborne School, for the Ranger Regiment, and Ranger School). The Regimental Training Detachment assesses and selects soldiers coming to the 75th Ranger Regiment to assume their mission as Rangers. The program was initiated in 1978 at the 1st Ranger Battalion based on a need to continuously receive, integrate, and train new personnel for the battalion, regardless of where the battalion might be. The program accomplishes three tasks: Administratively inprocess newly assigned junior enlisted personnel to the regiment. Prepare them physically and mentally for a smooth integration into their respective Ranger battalion. Familiarize newly assigned leaders with the battalion mission, standards, and staff functions; and prepare them for their leadership position. Prepare Rangers mentally, physically, and academically for attendance to U.S. Army Ranger School.

Officer experience is the highest available. All platoon leaders are first lieutenants and have previously served as platoon leaders. All company commanders have had prior successful commands, as have the battalion commanders. Key staff officers have also had prior experience in their respective positions. No officer serves in the Regiment to learn a job. Rather, he brings successful experience in that position to the Regiment.

NCO experience is unmatched. As a group, they are the most experienced in the Army. They are the continuity that carries on the traditions and lessons learned. They ensure there are no train-up periods needed to maintain the standards.

The maximum number of soldiers is available for training because of the block leave concept.

Training is conducted in all environments (arctic, jungle, desert, mountain and amphibious).

Excellent training in special operations skills.

Multiple Emergency Deployment Readiness Exercises (EDREs) each year.

Multiple Joint Readiness Training Exercises (JRXs) each year.

The capability of the commander to summarily eliminate from the Regiment any soldiers who fail to meet Ranger standards.

Simply put, highly motivated and experienced soldiers are given all the necessary time and resources with which to train toward clear-cut objectives and goals.

 

OPERATIONAL CONCEPTS

The 75th Ranger Regiment is a flexible, highly trained, and rapidly deployable light infantry force with specialized skills that enable it to be employed against a variety of targets. A classified concept contains information related to Ranger Force participation and requirements in a classified Joint Chiefs of Staff concept plan. The United States Army continues to have a requirement to provide the National Command Authorities (NCA) and warfighting CINCs a ground force with the unique capability to conduct joint special operations throughout the operational continuum in support of U.S. national policies and strategic objectives. The Ranger Force fills this role. It infiltrates by land, sea, or air into complex joint environments and conducts missions under conditions of restrictive rules of engagement, at night, in politically sensitive environments, causing minimal collateral damage, and specializes in operations on urban terrain. To ensure success, the Force is manned with highly trained and experienced leaders, and individuals are specially selected, and are the most mentally alert, physically capable soldiers in the Army. The rapid proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) technology/materials and likely acquisition of WMD by rogue states and non-state actors, coupled with increased technical sophistication, will exponentially increase the risks associated with mission failure, while at the same time expose the Ranger Force to greater vulnerability.

The Ranger Force is normally employed as part of a Joint Special Operations Task Force (JSOTF). The Ranger Force provides a worldwide, strategically responsive strike force with a highly lethal ground combat capability. It can serve as a Flexible Deterrent Option to demonstrate U.S. national resolve by immediately committing military power on land into a threatened area. It can also conduct offensive, Direct Action (DA) operations against targets of strategic or operational value to achieve theater campaign or major operational objectives. Ranger offensive operations include seizing airfields and other key facilities, performing raids, conducting air movement operations using special operations aviation, and evacuating non-combatants. These operations are characterized by speed, surprise and violent execution.

Ranger DA operations are short duration strikes or other small scale offensive actions to seize, destroy, or capture enemy forces, or to recover designated personnel or equipment in hostile, denied, or politically sensitive areas. These operations are conducted independently, or in support of a campaign plan. They may be conducted in coordination with conventional forces, but differ from conventional operations in degree of risk, operational techniques, and modes of employment. They rely on undetected insertion and rapid movement to the target if the force is inserted offset from the objective, and surprise and shock if the insertion is on the target.

The strategic responsiveness of the Ranger Force provides the NCA a credible combat capability for protecting selected vital U.S. interests and citizens without having to wait for international support or guarantees of non-intervention. The Ranger Force is frequently the principal element of ground combat power when the United States conducts a forcible entry operation.

Rangers are highly trained in urban combat and operate primarily at night, maximizing the advantages of state of the art technology for night vision and target acquisition. They operate under very restrictive rules of engagement, under the watchful eyes of the international media, and minimize collateral damage and noncombatant casualties. They can employ light, medium, and/or heavy mortars. They employ an unmatched sniper capability to increase force protection and minimize collateral damage with precision fires during limited visibility. They are capable of special reconnaissance.

 

CONCLUSION

Although it may be the most physically and mentally demanding assignment in the United States Army, Rangers believe in their Regiment. They are aware that in this volatile world, Rangers, above all others must be ready to go anywhere at any time. All a Ranger asks is that his mission is tough, and above all, that he is allowed to do what he is trained to do.

RANGERS LEAD THE WAY!